Quick and Important Facts about Dementia: Types, Treatments, and More

Not many individuals may be aware that there are different types of dementia. For instance, Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia, although most of us assume that it’s one and the same. The term ‘senile’ was used for someone with dementia, as it was just considered a common situation for anyone who lived for a long time. But since we now understand more of the brain, we have been able to distinguish that there are different types of dementia – and different causes for it as well. If your loved one has been diagnosed or been determined to have dementia, here are some quick and important facts about the condition – including types, treatments, and more.

As mentioned, Alzheimer’s is a kind of dementia. It is also the most common form of the condition, and it is accompanied by symptoms such as memory loss, difficulty in communication, confusion, paranoia, and anxiety.

Treatment for Alzheimer’s can include both non-chemical and pharmaceutical treatment, and these can increase a person’s functioning (at least temporarily) as well as enhance their spirits. But as of now, there is no singular truly effective treatment to cure, stop, or delay the disease’s progression. 

Vascular dementia 
Another term for vascular dementia is ‘multi-infarct dementia’ as well as ‘post-stroke dementia.’ This is the 2nd most usual type of dementia, and it is characterised by symptoms that include memory loss, a decreased planning ability, a lack of motivation, and impaired judgment. The most likely cause of this type of dementia is a stroke, which causes bleeding in the brain, resulting in brain damage. There isn’t any cure for vascular dementia, but those who have it can be treated in order to prevent the risk of more injury to the brain. There are some medications which can also alleviate the symptoms.

Lewy Body dementia 
The 3rd most usual kind of dementia is Lewy Body dementia, which is also known as ‘diffuse Lewy body disease’ or ‘cortical Lewy body disease’. With Lewy Body dementia, symptoms include problems with sleeping, loss of memory, fluctuations in alertness, and hallucinations. The dementia is caused by ‘Lewy bodies’ which are proteins that are abnormal, impairing a person’s functioning and often appearing in nerve cells.

As with other kinds of dementia, there is no absolute cure for Lewy Body dementia, although treatment and therapy can be done to improve a person’s symptoms and their quality of life.

Other types of dementia include Frontotemporal dementia, although this is rare. But other causes for the condition include Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease. 

Help for dementia 
Seeking help for dementia care for a loved one is often a good option for family members. There are many live in carers available to provide not only professional care but also moral and emotional support.

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